WHICH DIET IS BETTER LOW CARBOHYDRATE OR LOW FAT ?
WHAT IS CARBOHYDRATES:
Carbohydrates are the organic substance in nature and they are essential constituents of all living things. It is formed by green plants from carbondioxide and water during the process of photosynthesis .it serves as a energy sources .
Monosaccharides:-are the simplest form of sugar and the most basic units from which the carbohydrates build .they are usually colorless , water soluble, and crystalline solids.example :- glucose fructose, galactose .
Disaccharides:-two molecules of a simple sugar link to each other .example:-sucrose , lactose , maltose .
Oligosaccharides :-it is formed by the union of three to six monosaccharides units .
Polysaccharides:- It is the chain of many sugars. It act as a food store for plants and animals. Example : cellulose , starch, glycogen.
WHAT IS FAT:
Fats are a type of nutrient that you get from your diet .Fat usually means ester of fatty acids .Fat in our body are made up of three molecules joined together .the three molecules structure is called as triglyceride .
TYPES OF FAT :
Saturated fat :-it is solid at room temperature. It is found in butter , yoghurt.
Unsaturated fat :-it is liquid at room temperature . it is found in vegetable oil, fish.
Trans fat :-it is a worst type of fat which raise bad cholesterol and lower good cholesterol .example:frozen pizza, microwave popcorn , cakes etc.
SOURCES OF LOW FAT OR LOW CARBOHYDRATES :
Berries such as blueberries ,strawberries
FOODS TO AVOID:-
Any packed chips or cookies
Fast food products and pasta sauces
Canned fruits .
High fat milk
PURPOSE OF LOW FAT DIET OR LOW CARBOHYDRATE DIET :-
Used for loosing weight .
Used for reducing the risk of heart diseases
Improve blood sugar level.
WHICH DIET IS BETTER LOW CARBOHYDRATE OR LOW FAT:
Low carb diet is more effective than low fat diet because Carbohydrate contain four calories per gram whereas fat contains nine calories per gram .
Low carb diet is more effective at improving levels of HDL cholesterol and decrease triglyceride level than low fat diet .
Both diet are helpful in reducing blood pressure level.
4. carbohydrates">carbohydrates gives instant energy whereas fat are energy reservoirs in our body
-carbohydrates are insoluble in water whereas fat are soluble in water.
-carbohydrates are made up of simple sugar whereas fat are made up of fatty acid and glycerol.
- carbohydrates contains more oxygen than fats.
- carbohydrate is converted into glucose which is used as energy metabolism process vs fat helps in absorbing vitamins like A,D,E, K .
DISEASE IN WHICH LOW CARB DIET IS REQUIRED:-
Liver disease .
DISEASE IN WHICH LOW FAT DIET IS REQUIRED:-